Garra birostris

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Garra birostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath, 2013

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drawing shows typical species in Cyprinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813); a fish living in mud (Ref. 128817);  birostris: Name from Latin 'bi' meaning two, and 'rostris' for rostrum or beak or bill, referring to the two beak-like projections of the proboscis; an adjective..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: India.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94542)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 32. This species is distinguished from its congeners in the Ganga-Brahmaputra River system by the following snout morphology: the transverse lobe with 11-19 small- to large-sized uni- to tetracuspid acanthoid tubercles; distinct prominent bilobed proboscis, moderately elevated upwards, with each lobe forwardly protruding and tapering; the tip of each lobe with a large, anteriorly-directed tri- or tetracuspid acanthoid tubercle; anterior margin of the proboscis sharply delineated by a deep groove from the depressed rostral surface; 1-2 small tubercles on the lateral margin of the proboscis. It differs from G. arunachalensis and G. quadratirostris in having fewer lateral-line scales 33-34 (vs. 35-37), total vertebrae 32 (vs. 33-36), more transverse scale rows between lateral line and anal-fin origin 4-4 1/2 (vs. 3 1/2) and circumpeduncular scale rows 16 (vs. 12), a smaller adhesive disc with length 36-42 % HL (vs. 43-53), central callous-pad width 32-41 % HL (vs. 38-48) and length 22-28 % HL (vs. 28-38), and having (vs. none) a black spot at the upper angle of the gill opening; differs from G. gotyla in having more branched pectoral-fin rays 14-15 (vs. 11-13), a longer snout 55-60 % HL (vs. 48-55) and pelvic to anal distance 25.7-30.0 % SL (vs. 22.8-25.9), with a narrower interorbital distance 39-46 % HL (vs. 46-51), with (vs. without) multicuspid tubercles on the snout, lacking (vs. with) more distinct upper lip as a band of papillae arranged in two transverse ridges; differs from G. arunachalensis in having (vs. lacking) an anterolateral lobe of the lower lip; differs G. quadratirostris in having a more posteriorly-situated anus (distance from anus to anal fin 22-30 % of pelvic-anal distance (vs. 37-44) (Ref. 94542).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nebeshwar, K. and W. Vishwanath, 2013. Three new species of Garra (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from north-eastern India and redescription of G. gotyla. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 24(2):97-120. (Ref. 94542)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00438 - 0.01579), b=2.99 (2.83 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).