Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Hepsetidae
Etymology: Hepsetus: Greek, epsetas, -e, -on = boiled, but there is the following sentence: "oí epsetoi" = certain fishes, and also could be related to "psetta" = grouper (Ref. 45335); lineatus: The species name lineata, from the Latin linea, line or thread, refers to the typical horizontal bands visible on the flanks (Ref. 93279).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: coastal basins from the Sanaga in Cameroon to the Chiloango in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 93279). Also in the Dja River in Cameroon (Ref. 93279) and the middle Congo River basin in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 108775).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93279)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Hepsetus lineatus can be distinguished from H. kingsleyae by a larger number of lateral line scales, 50–64 vs. 45–51, and lower number of gill rakers, 12–18, exceptionally 20 in one specimen, vs. 17–23; and by a larger head width, 32.8–46.7 vs. 26.4–35.6% of head length, and larger internasal distance, 21.5–29.3 vs. 15.6–23.3% of head length; the latter two characters are positively allometric (Ref. 93279). Hepsetus lineatus can only be distinguished from H. akawo by a larger number of lateral line scales, 50–64 vs. 43–51, and a smaller number of gill rakers, 12–18, exceptionally up to 20, vs. 17–23 (Ref. 93279). Hepsetus lineatus can be distinguished from H. odoe by a combination of a large internasal distance, 21.5–29.3 vs. 19.5–25.3% of head length, and a small distance between nostril and lower jaw, 36.8–44.4 vs. 40.4–47.6% of head length; both latter characters are positively allometric (Ref. 93279). Hepsetus lineatus can be distinguished from H. cuvieri by a higher number of gill rakers, 12–20 vs. 8–13, a lower number of scales between the dorsal fin and lateral line, 7.5–9.5 vs. 10.5–11.5, a lower number of scales between the adipose fin and lateral line, 4–5.5 vs. 6.5–7.5, and also by a greater head width, 32.8–46.7 vs. 27.8–40.4% of head length, and smaller internasal distance, 21.5–29.3 vs. 27.8–40.4% of head length; latter two characters positively allometric (Ref. 93279).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Decru, E., E. Vreven and J. Snoeks, 2013. A revision of the Lower Guinean Hepsetus species (Characiformes; Hepsetidae) with the description of Hepsetus kingsleyae sp. nov. J. Fish Biol. 82(4):1351-1375. (Ref. 93279)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .