Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
() > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); mentikoilon: The specific epithet mentikoilon, a noun in apposition, from the Latin mentos, chin, and Greek koilon, cavity or hollow, to denote the chin pore pair in a pit (Ref. 90026). More on author: Stein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 1990 m (Ref. 90026). Polar
Southern Ocean: known only from a single specimen collected off the northwest edge of Mawson Bank, Ross Sea at 1954–1990 m (Ref. 90026).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90026)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Chin pores in a clear depression with definite anterior fold. Premaxillary teeth about 30 in outer row, posteriorly uniserial for about 18 teeth, anteriorly forming about 12 irregular oblique rows forming band about three teeth wide; mandibular teeth about 50, uniserial except near symphysis; symphyseal gaps present in both jaws. Gill opening 16% head length. Pectoral fin with 21-22 rays, notch rays rudimentary, girdle with three (2+0+1) round radials. Anus posterior to gill flap and pectoral fin base. Caudal rays seven. Pyloric caeca long, up to about 60% head length (Ref. 90026).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., 2012. Snailfishes (Family Liparidae) of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, and Closely Adjacent Waters. Zootaxa 3285:1-120. (Ref. 90026)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .