Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); kentingensis: Named after the Kenting National Park in southern Taiwan, the type locality for the species (Ref. 89549).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 150 m (Ref. 89549). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: China, Taiwan, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89549)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal surface with 8 brown blotches; a large brownish patch above the opercle; cheek with an oblique reddish-yellow bar; below midline of lateral body, a series of 8 reddish bars; posterior portion of cheek with 1-3 small spots; dorsal fin with 3 rows of small brownish spots; pectoral fin base whitish with few small spots; above midline of lateral body is a series of small spots, each restricted to the size of one scale; caudal fin with 4-5 vertical rows of small spots; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral-fin rays 16-18 (mainly 17); pored lateral-line scales 52-54 (53-54); gill rakers on 1st gill arch 14-19 (16-18); pseudobranches 17-24; lower jaw with 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth stout, in a single curved row; scales on body ctenoid, becoming cycloid on nuchal, prepectoral and prepelvic areas; margin of preopercle smoothly indented; fourth dorsal-fin spine longest; caudal fin rounded, with a slight prolongation on upper lobe; appressed pelvic fin not reaching origin of anal fin (Ref. 89549).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ho, H.-C., C.-H. Chang and K.-T. Shao, 2012. Two new sandperches (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae: Parapercis) from South China Sea, based on morphology and DNA barcoding. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60(1):163-172. (Ref. 89549)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion