Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 15 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 25°S - 33°S
Southwest Pacific: Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabit coral rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Occur in small groups. Oviparous (Ref. 205), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205). Relatively unknown to American and European aquarists because this species has only been rarely imported.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Steene, R.C., 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia. vol. 1. 144 p. (Ref. 4859)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion