Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); formosus: The epithet formosus is based on the Portuguese word Formosa, an alternative name for Taiwan, in allusion to the type locality of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic. Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Pacific Ocean: Taiwan and Japan. Type specimens were collected from the fish landing site at Tashi (c. 24‹ 50Œ S) in north-eastern Taiwan, but depth of capture unknown. Also recorded from waters off Kyushu (c. 32‹ N) and Shikoku (c. 33‹ 20Œ N) (Chen et al., 1979).(Ref. 87791).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87791); 81.4 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A medium-sized species of Squalus of the ‘highfin megalops group’ is characterized by the following combination of characters: snout relatively short; first dorsal fin tall and upright, upper posterior margin almost straight; caudal fin with broad white posterior margin, no dark caudal bar; flank denticles tricuspid. These characters clearly differentiate this species from the three other sympatric Squalus species. Squalus formosus is morphologically closest to S. albifrons from eastern Australia but differs in the following characters: first dorsal fin with a distinct, broad white anterior margin (v. no distinct white marking); second dorsal fin height 5.7–6.4 v. 4.3–5.1% LT; first dorsal fin height 9.0–10.5 v. 7.7–8.9% LT, anterior margin 12.4–14.6 v. 10.9–12.7% LT; eye slightly larger 4.8–5.3 v. 4.4–4.8% LT. Squalus formosus can be further distinguished from other Squalus species in the following combination of characters: pre-second dorsal length 3.7–4.4 times pectoral-fin anterior margin; preoral length 2.2–2.3 times horizontal prenarial length; head length 4.0–4.7 times eye length; interorbital width 1.4–1.6 times horizontal preorbital length; posterior margin of second dorsal fin deeply concave; second dorsal-fin spine with a broad base; dorsal surface of head dark, sharply demarcated from paler ventral surface; 45–46 monospondylous centra, 94–95 precaudal centra, 123–124 total centra; adult maximum size at least 73 cm LT (Ref. 87791).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
White, W.T. and S.P. Iglésias, 2011. Squalus formosus, a new species of spurdog shark (Squaliformes: Squalidae), from the western North Pacific Ocean. J. Fish Biol. (Ref. 87791)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00155 - 0.00743), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .