Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae
(Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335); mairasi: Named for the tribe of the traditional land owners of the type locality..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 87110). Tropical
Asia: Lake Furnusu, West Papua in Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 6;
soft rays: 16 - 19. This species of the maccullochi group of rainbowfishes is distinguished by the following set of characters: D IV-VI-I,11 to 13 (usually 11); A I-II,16–19 (usually I,18-19); pectoral rays 12-14 (usually 13-14); lateral scales 32-34 (usually 34); gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch 15-17. Colour in life brownish dorsally and white ventrally with mid-lateral blackish stripe from eye to caudal-fin base, narrow red stripe between each scale row of body, and orange scale margins (Ref. 87110).
Specimens were collected adjacent to a rocky shore among aquatic vegetation and submerged Pandanus roots. Except for the holotype, only juveniles were collected, but adult fish were observed among dense vegetation at depths below 2 to 3 m. Other species present in the lake were provisionally identified as follows: Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Plotosidae), Craterocephalus fistularis (Atherinidae), Mogurnda new species (Eleotridae), and Oxyeleotris nullipora (Eleotridae) (Ref. 87110).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and R.K. Hadiaty, 2011. A new species of rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae), from western New Guinea (West Papua Province, Indonesia). Journal of the Australia New Guinea Fishes Association 25(1):602-607. (Ref. 87110)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).