Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Sphyraenidae
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); intermedia: The name 'intermedia' comes from the intermediate anatomic characters of the new species with S. sphyraena and S. viridensis (in particular the otoliths and intestinal villi).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. 82428), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 41°N - 40°N, 16°E - 18°E (Ref. 82428)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 74.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Collected using gill nets, trawl nets, seining and 'lampara' engine. Stomach contents include remains of cephalopods, Sardina pilchardus or Sardinella aurita, a young Sphyraena sphyraena, and fluid materials. Some were infected in the stomach and gonads by the anisakid nematode Anisakis sp. (Ref. 82428).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pastore, M.A., 2009. Sphyraena intermedia sp. Nov. (Pisces: Sphyraenidae): a potential new species of barracuda identified from the central Mediterranean Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 89:1299-1303. (Ref. 82428)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00333 - 0.01504), b=2.92 (2.75 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .