Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia. More on authors: Heckel & Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Europe: Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia in the middle and lower Neretva drainage, Stara (Old) Neretva, Lake Desne, lake basins near Imotski, Matica drainage near Vrgorac.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from its congeners in Europe by the combination of the following characters: 37-40 scales along lateral line; anal fin with 9½ branched rays; 11-14 gill rakers; dorsal head profile straight, snout pointing forward, tip above level of middle eye; back not humped behind nape; eye not close to dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; head length 29-31% SL; articulation of lower jaw below or in front of anterior margin of eye; ventral head profile with a conspicuous angle at articulation of lower jaw; and all fins dark grey in adults (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits well vegetated rivers, backwaters, oxbows, ponds, and lakes. Attains a maximum size of about 20 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00439 - 0.01310), b=3.16 (3.02 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .