Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 500 - 674 m (Ref. 53592). Tropical
North Western Atlantic: off Cape Hatteras.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53592)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 33 - 35;
Vertebrae: 47. The juvenile holotype of this species is distinguished by the following characters: vertebrae 47; dorsal-fin rays 42-44; no coronal pore; vertical mouth, symphysis of upper jaw above level of eye; body not humpbacked; vertebral column not curved behind cranium; enlarged gill cavity; anus on vertical behind head; notched pectoral fin, rays 8+2+5-6; eye 17-19% HL (Ref. 53592).
The species possess a very large superior mouth with vertical jaws, eyes located close to the dorsal contour of the head and oriented to look forward and up, and a straight body, suggesting an adaptation to feeding on detritus and animals (such as copepods) above it in the water column (Ref. 53592).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chernova, N.V. and D.L. Stein, 2004. A remarkable new species of Psednos(Teleostei: Liparidae) from the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fish. Bull. 102:245-250. (Ref. 53592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.4 - 4, mean 3.6 °C (based on 29 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .