Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); flavolineata: Name from Latin, referring to the midlateral yellow line on the body..
More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 25 - 70 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body color in life whitish to pinkish white, edges of scales brown to reddish-brown, 10 brown bars with dark brown scale edges on body, the first on nape, the odd-numbered bars narrower and more irregular, the last on caudal peduncle broadest; an irregular midlateral yellow line from edge of preopercle to caudal fin base; dark bars below yellow line on body pink with dark red edges; head pink, becoming dark reddish dorsally on snout, with a narrow oblique orange bar below eye, and an arc of small dark brown spots from occiput to above opercle; lips pink, upper with a large red blotch; median fins translucent pinkish grey; rows of small reddish and whitish spots on soft part of dorsal fin; anal fin white basally; central part of caudal fin with reddish dots; pectoral fins transparent with pale pink rays; pelvic fins white; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral rays 17 (15 on right side); 55 lateral line scales; gill rakers 4 + 10; lower jaw projecting, 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in jaws; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth in a chevron-shaped patch of 2 rows, the anterior teeth stout and conical; margin of preopercle non serrate; greatest body depth 4.45 in SL; head length (HL) 3.1 in SL; orbit diameter 4.2 in HL; fourth dorsal spine is the longest, 3.95 in HL; caudal fin truncate, becoming slightly rounded on ventral half; pectoral fins 5.05 in SL; pelvic fins just reaching anus, 3.95 in SL (Ref. 79876).
Collected from sand and rubble adjacent to the wreck of a Dutch ship (Ref. 79876). Inhabits sandy bottoms of coastal reef slopes at 25-70 m, solitray (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (bloch and Schneider). The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:159-178. (Ref. 79876)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).