Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); xanthogramma: Named for the yellow bands on the cheek region of the males..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 75058). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Central Pacific: Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75058); 15.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral fin rays, usually 18; cheek region with 4-7 oblique, pale (yellow when fresh) entire bands; lower portion of the body in males with 3-4 ocelli and a series of several blackish and brownish spots; cheek region with B5 spot, 6-8 ocelli and brownish spots or patches between ocelli in females and juveniles (Ref. 75058).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Imamura, H. and T. Yoshino, 2007. Three new species of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with Rediscription of Parapercis hexophtalma (Perciformes:Pinguipedidae). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A, Suppl. 1:81-100. (Ref. 75058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.8 - 29, mean 27.1 °C (based on 233 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 212 [122, 386] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.56, 1.72] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.8 [14.7, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.13 [0.06, 0.27] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.8 [15.3, 74.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.7 [15.0, 139.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.24, 2.53] mg/100g (wet weight);