Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); phenax: Name from a Greek word meaning imposter, refers to its resemblance to, and previous misidentification as, P. roseoviridis..
More on authors: Randall & Yamakawa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 322 - 600 m (Ref. 75889). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75889); 14.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 4 - 5;
soft rays: 19 - 20;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D IV-V (rarely IV); A I, 19-20 (usually 19); pectoral rays 19-20 (usually 19); lateral-line scales 60-64; gill rakers 4-7 + 10-13; canine teeth 3 pairs, anteriorly in lower jaw; palatine teeth present; body depth 5.0-5.95 in SL; head length 3.45-3.6 in SL; last 2 dorsal spines subequal, the last usually the longest, 3.8-4.15 in HL; last interspinous membrane of dorsal fin attached to the first dorsal soft ray nearly 1/2 length of ray from its base; caudal fin slightly rounded; pelvic fins reaching or extending slightly beyond anus, 1.25-1.55 in HL; body pink dorsally, lavender-white ventrally, with a series of 10 short dusky green to yellow bars on upper side of body (indistinct dorsally), the last 2 on caudal peduncle nearly merged; spinous portion of dorsal fin largely black in color (Ref. 75889).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and T. Yamakawa, 2006. Parapercis phenax from Japan and P. banoni from the Southeast Atlantic, new species of Pinguipedid fishes previously identified as P. roseoviridis. Zool. Stud. 45(1):1-10. (Ref. 75889)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 10.4 - 14.7, mean 12.7 °C (based on 61 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).