Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); basimaculata: Name from Latin, for basal and spotted, refers to the prominent dark spots basally on the dorsal, anal, caudal, and pectoral fins..
More on authors: Randall, Senou & Yoshino.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 40 - 70 m (Ref. 75205). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75205)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D V, 21; A I, 17; pectoral-fin rays 18; lateral-line scales 54; canine teeth 4 pairs, anteriorly in lower jaw; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth stout and in a single row; ctenoid scales on body, becoming cycloid in prepectoral and prepelvic areas; cycloid scales on opercle except above spine; cycloid scales on cheek, very small, many non-imbricate; preopercle margin smooth, with slight indentation at pore sites; body depth 5.75 in SL; head length 3.35 in SL; snout length 3.25 in HL; interorbital width 5.75 in HL; orbit diameter 3.8 in HL; fourth dorsal spine longest, 3.6 in HL; caudal fin slightly rounded on ventral half, truncate on dorsal half, with a prolonged upper lobe extending about two-thirds orbit diameter posterior to central margin of fin; pectoral fins 4.4 in SL; pelvic fins just reaching anus, 4.75 in SL; preserved color (in alcohol) pale yellowish with a large dark brown blotch above the opercle; 3 pairs of small dark brown spots dorsally on postorbital head with the middle pair largest, the posterior pair within anterior scaled area of nape; dorsal fin base, soft portion with a series of 8 dark brown spots; caudal fin has a vertical series of 4 dark spots; posterior part of anal fin with 3 basal dark spots; when fresh, color light reddish brown, grading to white ventrally, with 5 broad, triangular, dark reddish brown bars across body, and a narrow, uniformly wide, reddish brown bar between each pair of larger bars; 2 longitudinal rows of red spots within bars, 1 dorsal and 1 ventral, the red spot of dorsal row with a dark brown fleck or pair of flecks; postorbital head with dark brown spots; an oblique red bar on cheek; dark spots on fins (Ref. 75205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., H. Senou and T. Yoshino, 2008. Three new pinguipedid fishes of the genus Parapercis from Japan. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 2:69-84. (Ref. 75205)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).