Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Otocinclus: Greek, ous, oto = ear + Latin, cinclus = latticework; in allusion to the holes of the head in the ears (Ref. 45335); cocama: Named for the Cocama-Cocamilla Indians that used to be dominant in the lower Ucayali and Marañon rivers..
More on author: Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57860)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 28. Can be distinguished from all its congeners by the following putative autapomorphies: unique, distinct color pattern consisting of vertically elongated blotches spanning from the dorsal midline to the ventral border of flanks; complete lateral line, without the gap plates (midbody plates without lateral line perforations) present in other Otocinclus. Can also be differentiated by having high number of teeth (30-45 in premaxilla and 23-36 in dentary). Differs from Otocinclus huaorani, Otocinclus mura and Otocinclus bororo by having a small metapterygoid channel and one W-shaped mark in the caudal fin (Ref. 57860).
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Found in a medium size creek with clear water and lost of marginal vegetation (Ref. 57860).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reis, R.E., 2004. Otocinclus cocama, a new uniquely colored loricariid catfish from Peru (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with comments on the impact of taxonomic revisions to the discovery of new taxa. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 2(3):109-115. (Ref. 57860)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
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