Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Nichols.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 69°N - 29°N, 59°E - 145°E
Europe: Don, Kuban, Volga, Ural and Eya drainages (Ref. 59043). Asia: in most Siberian drainages, eastward to Amur and Huang He rivers in China (Ref. 59043), the Nura River in Kazakhstan and in rivers of Primor`e, Korea (Ref. 26334).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50600); 11.0 cm SL (female); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50600)
Adults are found from small lowland streams to large rivers with gentle current, and lakes mostly with dense vegetation on sand-silt to sand-gravel bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M., 2012. Conspectus cobitidum*: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. (26):1-199. (Ref. 92804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion