Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 6°N - 7°S, 106°E - 117°E (Ref. 189)
Western Central Pacific: Indonesia (Kalimantan at Pamangkat on the western coast and Banjermasin on the Barito River to the South). Indian records of Coilia borneensis probably refer to Coilia reynaldi, a very similar species. Probably also Thailand (Ref. 1632).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 4 or 5 + 7 or 8 = 11 to 13 keeled scutes from just behind pectoral fin base to anus. Maxilla short, not reaching to edge of gill cover. Pectoral fin with 13 or 14 long filaments and 5 to 7 branched fin rays, much shorter than those of pelvic fin. Anal fin long, the last fin ray joined to the caudal fin, which is small and pointed.
Evidently a riverine species, or at least estuarine, but perhaps also in the sea. More data needed. Uncertainty over identifications makes previous literature unreliable.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00137 - 0.00763), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .