Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Argyrops: Greek, argyros = silver, silvered + Gree, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Klunzinger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 100 - 400 m (Ref. 124569). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean, Red and possibly Gulf of Aden.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124569)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 12 - 1;
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following set of characters: body deep, becoming compressed and slender with growth; D XII,10; the first 2 dorsal-fin spines are rudimentary (2 dorsal-fin spines on 1st dorsal pterygiophore), 3DFS longest (1.0-1.3, mean 1.2, in 3DFS/4DFS), third spine not reaching beyond first soft dorsal-fin ray origin, and less than head length; orbit diameter is subequal to suborbital depth. Colouration: body uniform pink with belly silvery and chin white, all fins pink. This species is often being confused with A. filamentosus and juveniles of A. spinifer; but it differs by having red spinous dorsal-fin rays (vs. yellow orange in true A. filamentosus from South Africa and Mozambique); also the third spinous dorsal-fin spine is longest (vs. third and fourth spines very elongate in A. filamentous and longest in A. spinifer) (Ref. 124569).
Usually caught on reefs, and feeds on benthic organisms and according to D. Golani (HUJF), this species is collected in deeper waters at 100-400 m (Ref. 124569).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2018. Taxonomic review of the genus Argyrops (Perciformes; Sparidae) with three new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 4438(3):401-442. (Ref. 124569)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01011 - 0.04522), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).