Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiadinae
Etymology: Pseudanthias: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, anthias = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335); hiva: Named for Marshall Is. (old Polynesian name is believed to be 'hiva'); noun in apposition. More on authors: Randall & Pyle.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 34 m (Ref. 48242), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Central Pacific: Marquesas Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48242); 6.0 cm SL (female)
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 26. Body depth 3-3.2 in SL; head length 3=3.2 in SL. No papillae on posterior edge of orbit. Front of upper lip of males without a prominent fleshy protuberance. Tenth dorsal spine longest, 2.05-2.3 in HL. Color of females orange shading to pink ventrally, the scales dorsally on body with dusky yellow centers, those ventrally with yellow; a narrow orange red bar on body below 8th dorsal spine ; a yellow-orange band, bordered below by violet, from lower part of eye to pectoral-fin base; dorsal fin orange with a violet margin; front half of anal fin magenta with a violet margin, the posterior half yellow, the lobe tips bright red. Color of body of males lavender-red dorsally, shading to pale lavender ventrally, the scales below lateral line with yellow centers; head orange-red above a bluish white line from lower edge of orbit to lower base of pectoral fin, pale orange below; dorsal fin translucent orange-yellow with a lavender margin; anal fin translucent lavender with a row of small yellow spots on membranes; caudal fin red, the upper and lower edges and filaments pink; pelvic fins light red. Scales above lateral line to 2nd dorsal spine 6, middle dorsal spines 3.5 (Ref. 48242).
Specimens collected over rocky substrata, usually at depths greater than 25 m; with the use of rotenone and quinaldine (Ref. 48242). Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 89972). FishBase common name agreed by authors.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and R.L. Pyle, 2001. Four new serranid fishes of the anthiine genus Pseudanthias from the South Pacific. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49(1):19-34. (Ref. 48242)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.7 - 28.4, mean 28 °C (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00687 - 0.03334), b=2.98 (2.79 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 101 [54, 211] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.95 [0.56, 1.60] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.179 [0.103, 0.309] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.9 [13.6, 52.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 190 [64, 591] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.59 [1.02, 2.46] mg/100g (wet weight);