Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); stigmosum: From the Latin stigmosus meaning full of marks, in reference to the vertically oriented black marks on the sides of the body (Ref. 46824).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. High altitude
South America: central Brazil, Paraná River basin in upper Tocantins River drainage.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37059)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 32 - 33. Distinguished from all other Characidium species by the presence of black marks along the sides of the body, superimposed on the vertical bars, which occur in most species of the genus; most of the marks are vertically oriented elliptical, except anteriormost 1-2 marks, which may be roundish or horizontally elongated (Ref. 46824).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Melo, M.R.S. and P.A. Buckup, 2002. Characidium stigmosum (Characiformes: Crenuchidae): a new species of Characidiin fish from central Brazil. Copeia 2002(4):988-993. (Ref. 46824)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00475 - 0.03656), b=3.02 (2.78 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .