Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Fowleria: Taken from Fowler, ichthyiologist, 1945 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Seale.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 57178). Tropical; 35°N - 20°S, 109°E - 179°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41299)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Characterized by having dorsal fin rays VII-I, 9; anal fin rays II,8; pectoral fin rays 14; pelvic fin rays I, 5; pored lateral line scales 11; predorsal scales 6; circumpeduncular scales 12;palatine without teeth (Ref. 93839); characterized further by brown to tan color; most of body scales with small black spot except few above lateral line; opercle with pale-edged black spot; dark-edged whitish band from lower eye to cheek; incomplete lateral line with 9-14 tubed scales; greatest depth of body 2.6-3.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 637) and near rocky areas (Ref. 559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Nakabo, T., 2002. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, English edition I. Tokai University Press, Japan, pp v-866. (Ref. 41299)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.8 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 1602 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00726 - 0.03306), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 177 [97, 336] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.975 [0.608, 1.838] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.172 [0.095, 0.307] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.5 [11.1, 48.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 80.4 [24.6, 273.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.66 [1.07, 2.57] mg/100g (wet weight);