Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Anablepidae
(Four-eyed fishes, onesided livebearers & white-eye) > Anablepinae
Etymology: onca: From its color pattern, resembling the wild cat Pantera onca; noun in apposition..
More on authors: Lucinda, Reis & Quevedo.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
South America: tributaries of the lower Rio Uruguai in Brazil and Uruguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 128591)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 30. Having a large dorsal convex expansion at subdistal segments of right half of sixth anal-fin ray of adult males; distinct ovoid to circular dark spots confined to ventral half of flank posterior to pelvic fins; spots gradually more circular towards midventral line; predorsal scales 13-14; series of dashes or spots on body arranged in 6-8 irregular horizontal lines, consistent midlateral pattern absent; no swelling between the urogenital opening and anterior base of anal fin in females; no distinct dark rounded spot on the dorsal pectoral-fin base (Ref. 42933).
Based on photo submitted, this species grow up to 8.0 cm TL and live for up to 7 years in captivity (P. Petersen, pers.comm. 12/2022).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucinda, P.H.F., R.E. Reis and R. Quevedo, 2002. Jenynsia onca, a new species of anablepid fish (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes) from southern Brazil and its phylogenetic position. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(1):33-40. (Ref. 42933)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00332 - 0.01582), b=3.23 (3.03 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).