Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and the East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42717)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found over sandy-muddy bottoms (Ref. 42717).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nakabo, T., 2002. Stromateidae. p. 961-962. In T. Nakabo (ed.). Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species (second edition). Tokai University Press, 1749 p. (Ref. 42717)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00757 - 0.03987), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66.3 [24.9, 206.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.614 [0.315, 1.231] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.8, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.191, 0.569] g/100g ; Selenium = 61.1 [17.8, 220.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.03 [2.91, 31.10] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.661 [0.395, 1.131] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.