Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Parascylliidae
(Collared carpet sharks)
Etymology: Parascyllium: para (Gr.), near, i.e., presumed to be related to Scyliorhinus (now in Scyliorhinidae): skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark. (See ETYFish); variolatum: Latin for spotted, referring to white spots that sprinkle body. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Duméril.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 180 m (Ref. 6871). Temperate; 37°S - 42°S, 113°E - 150°E (Ref. 54701)
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)
Found on the continental shelf at depths of inshore down to about 180 meters. Apparently occurs in a variety of habitats, including sandy bottom, on rocky reefs, in beds of kelp, and in seagrass beds, details of it ecology is, however, virtually unknown (Ref. 43278). Oviparous (Ref. 6871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.6 - 18.3, mean 16.8 °C (based on 174 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5352 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.7 [3.3, 64.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.231 [0.059, 0.561] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.5, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.433 [0.218, 0.883] g/100g ; Selenium = 17 [4, 48] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.3 [3.5, 22.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.426 [0.210, 0.949] mg/100g (wet weight);