Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Scolopsis: Greek, skolex = worm + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 50 m (Ref. 9785), usually 15 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 27°N - 13°S, 65°E - 167°E (Ref. 3810)
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Sri Lanka to the Solomon Islands; Ryukyu Islands to Australia (eastern Queensland and Western Australia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102); common length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Head scales reaching forward to between level of anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine present beneath eye. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or almost to level of anus. Color: Upper body greyish-brown, silvery-white below. A pearly-blue streak from behind eye along dorsal fin base. An oblique, brown-edged pearly-blue bar above the pectoral base. An elongate white blotch below lateral line on posterior half of body, a yellowish tinge above this blotch. Snout dusky and a black blotch on opercle.
Inhabits coastal waters around rocky-rubble and seaweed areas of coral reefs, outer slopes and lagoons. Usually in small groups but may be seen solitary (Ref. 48635, 90102). Feeds mainly on benthic crustaceans.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.9 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 908 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00740 - 0.03723), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.1 [41.3, 140.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.721 [0.357, 1.684] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.1, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.157 [0.095, 0.262] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.5 [17.8, 53.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.2 [21.9, 225.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.39 [0.96, 2.02] mg/100g (wet weight);