Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Nettastomatidae
Etymology: Nettenchelys: Greek, netta = duck + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335); pygmaea: Named after the Greek pygmaios meaning small, dwarf, referring to the small size of the adults..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 128 - 280 m (Ref. 37039). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico and off Venezuela. Probably fairly widely distributed in the western Atlantic (Ref. 40819).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 17.5, range 15 - 20 cm
Max length : 20.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37039)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 220 - 250. Anterior median vomerine teeth enlarged. Posterior nostril on top of head just behind posterior margin of eye. Mature at 15-20 cm TL. Other characteristics: Color brown, slightly darker dorsally than ventrally. Lateral line pores to anus number 40-42 (Ref. 37039).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm, 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1112p. (Ref. 37039)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 14.7 - 23.2, mean 18.6 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00089 (0.00035 - 0.00227), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).