Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Nettastomatidae
Etymology: Nettastoma: Greek, netta = duck + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); syntresis: From the Greek syntresis meaning channel, passage, strait, referring to the Santaren, Nicholas and Northwest Providence Channels, places where it has been found. Noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 641 m (Ref. 40819). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: off the Bahamas and Cuba and in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37039)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 201. Normally 6 supraorbital pores, SO5 present. Lateral line pores 38-41. Median vomerine teeth not enlarged. Posterior nostril near anterodorsal margin of eye. Other characteristics: Color brown to gray, with vertical fins edged in black (Ref. 37039).
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G., J.E. Böhlke and P.H.J. Castle, 1981. A revision of the nettastomatid eel genera Nettastoma and Nettenchelys (Pisces: Anguilliformes), with descriptions of six new species. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 94(2):535-560. (Ref. 40819)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.4 - 25.3, mean 19.6 °C (based on 123 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00089 (0.00035 - 0.00227), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100).