Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on author: Forsskål.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 4391). Tropical; 27°N - 37°S, 49°W - 126°W (Ref. 56028)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Pitcairn islands, north to Japan, south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Inhabit rocky lagoons, reef flat shorelines and piers subject to mild surge; juveniles are common in tide pools (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Occasionally form schools. Feed on algae, crustaceans and other invertebrates during the day. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Highly territorial (Ref. 9710). Utilized as a food fish by the Hawaiians (Ref. 7364).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2750 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01417 - 0.04664), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.4 [35.2, 126.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.778 [0.445, 1.531] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [16.3, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.252 [0.124, 0.510] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.6 [11.9, 60.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 82.7 [20.4, 316.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.71 [1.07, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight);