Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Saccopharyngiformes
(Swallowers and gulpers) > Monognathidae
Etymology: Monognathus: Greek, monos = one + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335); bertini: Named for Leon Bertin in recognition of his pioneer contributions to the systematics of this family. More on authors: Bertelsen & Nielsen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Northeast and Southeast Atlantic. Also known from the Southwest Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34506)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 43 - 58. M. bertini differs from all other species of the genus by the great distance between anal fin origin and anus (13-19 myomeres). It is further distinguished by the following combination of characters: head short, snout relatively long, skull length 3.6-4.9% TL, rostral fang with dorsal profile slightly convex forming an almost straight line with frontal part of skull, dorsal fin origin above myomere number 5-7, pectoral fin 5.3-10.5% TL and no lateral, subdermal spots of pigmentation (Ref. 34506).
All specimens were caught in the water column far above the bottom (Ref. 34506).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E. and J.G. Nielsen, 1987. The deep sea eel family Monognathidae (Pisces, Anguilliformes). Steenstrupia, 13(4):141-198. (Ref. 34506)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 2.6, mean 2.4 °C (based on 499 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .