Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 5 - 18. Subtropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468)
Asia: drainages of Guangdong Province and Hainan Island in China. Also in Viet Nam (Ref. 89724).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26563); common length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
soft rays: 2 - 5. Short but high caudal fin. Cone-shaped head. Three pairs of barbels. Body covered by small round scales, no scale on the cheeks. Green gray in the body, yellowish stomach. A prominent black spot in the middle of the origin of caudal fin (Ref. 33389).
Adults inhabit streams on sand and gravel bottom (Ref. 26563). Length type refers to body length, assumed in TL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2012. Conspectus cobitidum*: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. (26):1-199. (Ref. 92804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00308 - 0.01417), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .