Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Bagridae
Etymology: Sperata: After Mr. M.A. Sperat. More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and upper Myanmar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)
Found in rivers, ponds, lakes, channels and reservoirs (Ref. 4833). Predatory, adults feed on small fishes and worms (Ref. 44149). Oviparous, distinct pairing possibly like other members of the same genus (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00357 - 0.00928), b=2.99 (2.86 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23, assuming Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 55.2 [20.5, 153.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.63, 1.95] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.8, 18.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.177 [0.079, 0.401] g/100g ; Selenium = 112 [46, 300] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.5 [3.9, 54.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.362 [0.225, 0.667] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.