Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Chrominae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Welander & Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 29 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 32°N - 32°S, 43°E - 132°W
Indo-Pacific: most islands of Oceania except Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas, and Pitcairn Group; also Australia north to the Ryukyu Islands. In the Indian Ocean, there are confirmed records Seychelles, Thailand and Western Australia. Often confused with Chromis viridis.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874)
Adults inhabit clear lagoons, passages, and seaward reef slopes, in thickets of live or dead coral. They occur in large aggregations feeding above staghorn Acropora corals (Ref. 9710). Stomach contents of individuals examined included mainly copepods, amphipods, and zoea. Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2361 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01267 - 0.03609), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 105 [52, 167] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.83 [0.49, 1.37] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [17.0, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.116 [0.067, 0.195] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.4 [11.8, 47.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 137 [39, 472] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.48 [0.97, 2.15] mg/100g (wet weight);