Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 46 m (Ref. 9710), usually 10 - 20 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 24°S, 70°E - 171°W
Indo-Pacific: Maldives (Ref. 2334) to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Shallow coastal to outer reef flats and slopes to 45 m depth (Ref. 48636). Common inhabitant of coral reefs, typically resting at the bases of coral heads (Ref. 9710). Studies indicate that it is haremic and spawns nightly (Ref. 37816). Occasionally in pairs (Ref. 48636). Sometimes solitary (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner (Ref. 31569). Spawning ascents into the water column occurred over a distance of 0.2 to 0.6 m (Ref. 54536).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion