Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: Neoraja: Greek, neos = new + Latin, raja = fish, Raja sp. (Ref. 45335); carolinensis: Named after the the type locality, the Carolinian Province of the western North Atlantic (Ref. 31400).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 695 - 1010 m (Ref. 31400). Deep-water; 35°N - 29°N
Western Central Atlantic: continental slope off the southeastern USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31400)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Anterior lobe of pelvic fin nearly as long or longer than posterior lobe of fin; dorsal surface of tail without distinct cross-bars; abdominal area uniformly dark colored and sharply marked off from light interbranchial and cloacal regions (Ref. 31400).
Found in the continental slope (Ref. 31400). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.1 - 9.9, mean 9.6 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00144 - 0.00663), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .