Teleostei (teleosts) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Duméril.
This species is considered as a synonym of Hippocampus kuda Weber, 1913 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213); but was validated by Stiller et al., 2022 (Ref. 127687, 128218).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 52034). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius, Reunion, and east coast of southern Africa. Conservation status: vulnerable (Ref. 30915). International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 30915)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Length type is height (=TL - head length). Found in seagrass beds. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Stiller, J., G. Short, H. Hamilton, N. Saarman, S. Longo, P. Wainwright, G.W. Rouse and W.B. Simison, 2022. Phylogenomic analysis of Syngnathidae reveals novel relationships, origins of endemic diversity and variable diversification rates. BMC Biology 20 (art. 75):1-22. [New family-group names in Additional file 1.] (Ref. 127687)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.8 - 27.5, mean 26.7 °C (based on 64 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).