Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Austroglossus: Composed from Austro = the south + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 100 - 400 m (Ref. 5304). Deep-water; 17°S - 35°S, 10°E - 25°E
Southeast Atlantic: northern Namibia to False Bay, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3200); max. published weight: 4.0 kg (Ref. 3200)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Larvae are pelagic (Ref. 27121, Ref. 36731), while adults live close to the sea bed (Ref. 36731). Adults feed on worms, crustaceans, mollusks, and fish (Ref. 27121, Ref. 36731). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 4931).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C. and O. Gon, 1986. Soleidae. p. 868-874. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3200)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.2 - 11.9, mean 10.4 °C (based on 37 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00456 - 0.02095), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .