Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 9002). Subtropical
Southwest Pacific: southeastern Australia only.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33616)
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 35. Adults have a short-based anal fin, pectoral fins with thickened lower rays, and are grey to blue-black with lighter mottling on the sides and light spots on the fins (Ref. 33616). It is distinguished from its congeners in having larger body scales (lateral-line scales 72± 82 vs. 83± 120) and absence of vomerine teeth (Ref. 86913).
Found on shallow exposed rocky shores, aggregating in high-energy zone, just below foaming surface to depths of about 10 m (Ref. 9002); in kelp and weed areas (Ref. 86913). Feed on either loose or attached weeds and algae (Ref. 9002); mainly consisting of Corallina pilulifera,
together with smaller quantities of Ulva actuca, Jania and filamentous species such
as Sphacelaria sp. (Ref. 86913).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 2000. Review of the southern temperate fish family Aplodactylidae (Pisces: Perciformes). J. Nat. Hist. 34(1):2157-2171. (Ref. 86913)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.6 - 27.5, mean 25.5 °C (based on 400 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00195 - 0.01230), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 126 [61, 271] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.28 [0.74, 2.46] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.0, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.147 [0.074, 0.292] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.7 [11.8, 62.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.8 [1.6, 28.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.28 [0.85, 1.93] mg/100g (wet weight);