Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 550 - 1306 m (Ref. 9970). Deep-water
Atlantic Ocean: off Morocco, the Caribbean Sea, and off Nicaragua.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
Fin membranes dusky. Membranes lining roof of mouth and gill cavities dark except for light colored areas along branchiostegal membranes. General color, probably brown (Ref. 37108).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Marshall, N.B., 1979. Macrouridae. p. 287-299. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 9970)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 4.9 - 12, mean 7.4 °C (based on 139 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00138 - 0.01003), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100).