Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Lophiidae
Etymology: Lophius: Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 70 - 1013 m (Ref. 115260), usually 100 - 500 m (Ref. 115262). Deep-water; 63°N - 13°N, 18°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Senegal, including the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 54 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4712); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7400); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 46508)
Found from shallow, inshore waters to 650 m depth. Maximum depth range at 1013 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on nekton, mainly fishes (4712).
Caruso, J.H., 1990. Lophiidae. p. 479-480. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 7400)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 13.5, mean 11.1 °C (based on 60 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01026 - 0.01545), b=2.98 (2.92 - 3.04), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 10.0 (7.3 - 12.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 14 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07-0.19; tm=4-10; tmax=21; Fec=46,320).
Prior r = 0.44, 95% CL = 0.29 - 0.66, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .