Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical
Eastern Pacific. Needs a better reference.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body elongate, moderately deep, and not very compressed; caudal peduncle not very deep; preopercular angle with a "spur" consisting of 2 large, central spines with 1 or 2 spines above and below; anal rays 7; body grayish brown; flanks with indistinct, dark, double, vertical bars and a yellow spot above and ahead the anus; medial line of belly yellow; anal fin yellow (Ref. 55763).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00453 - 0.01836), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 108 [40, 221] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.58, 2.06] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.6, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.435 [0.271, 0.751] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.7 [11.9, 46.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.1 [6.4, 74.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.78 [0.54, 1.17] mg/100g (wet weight);