Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 25 m (Ref. 5439). Tropical; 35°N - 30°S
Eastern Indian Ocean to Western Pacific: Christmas Island and the northwest shelf reefs of Australia in the to Kiribati, north to southern Japan. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
soft rays: 12. Body orangish brown with faint light bluish to lavender iridescence on lower head and thorax; darkly-edged orbit; iris yellowish with a blackish blotch dorsally and ventrally. Eyes large. Preopercular margin smooth. Blackish spot on dorsal and anal fins confined at rear base; upper and lower edges of caudal peduncle and fin blackish; wedge-shaped black spot on pectoral base. With prominent pores of lateralis system on head (Ref. 2693). Body depth 1.7-2.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit coral rich areas of outer reef passes and slopes. They occur singly or in small groups near the bottom (Ref. 7247). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.6 - 28.8, mean 27.6 °C (based on 290 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00944 - 0.04623), b=2.98 (2.79 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 128 [63, 197] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.823 [0.499, 1.372] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.9, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.121 [0.071, 0.198] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.1 [14.1, 48.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 88.5 [23.4, 306.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.93 [1.31, 2.80] mg/100g (wet weight);