Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Scoloplacidae
(Spiny dwarf catfishes)
Etymology: Scoloplax: Greek, skoloplax = a thorned plate (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 6868)
South America: Amazon and Paraguay River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36693)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Found in ox-bow lagoons which have stagnant water and bottom covered with leaf debris and other organic litter; also occurs in cut-off pond with murky water and bottom composing of mixed sand and silt with some organic debris.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Burgess, W.E., 1989. An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes. A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey (USA). 784 p. (Ref. 6868)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).