Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Cynoponticus: Greek, kyon = dog + Ponticus, Ponto, Latin = the Black sea.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 42°N - 13°S, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Angola, including western Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4453); common length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Found on the shelf on sand and muddy bottoms (Ref. 2683). Larger individuals caught mainly in 75-100 m depth (Ref. 26999). Carnivorous.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G., 1990. Congridae. p. 156-167. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4453)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 94 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00055 - 0.00304), b=2.93 (2.72 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.9 [21.5, 71.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.816 [0.459, 1.350] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.24 [0.11, 0.62] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.9 [26.5, 98.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.77 [1.40, 16.03] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.5 [0.4, 0.7] mg/100g (wet weight);