Aphanius fasciatus, Mediterranean banded killifish : aquarium

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Aphanius fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1821)

Mediterranean banded killifish
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Aphanius fasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Aphaniidae (Oriental killifishes)
Etymology: More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 8 - 10; non-migratory. Subtropical; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 46°N - 34°N, 2°E - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Greece and Montenegro. Mediterranean basin: North Africa from Egypt to eastern Algeria, sometimes in landlocked basins; through the Suez Canal into the Bitter Lakes, Egypt (Ref. 3788). Asia: Turkey.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42455)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 9. Can be diagnosed from other species of Aphanius, Valenciidae and Fundulidae in Europe by having the following characters: males have pale yellow to yellow-orange caudal fin, in some populations with a wide dark submarginal bar, 8-15 dark blue to grey bars on a silvery background, bars usually regularly shaped and set; females possess 11-17 short dark brown bars on sides, over a faint greyish midlateral stripe, 24-29 scales in midlateral series on body, and pectoral fin with 14-15 rays (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal lagoons and in hypersaline to shallow still to slow-flowing fresh water, especially at river mouths (Ref. 59043). A short-lived species which inhabits ponds, ditches and swamps. Feeds on invertebrates and plants. Spawns from April to September (Ref. 26100). Spawning takes place on the bottom and in submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Freyhof, J. and B. Yoğurtçuoğlu, 2020. A proposal for a new generic structure of the killifish family Aphaniidae, with the description of Aphaniops teimorii (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). Zootaxa 4810(3):421-451. (Ref. 126233)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Aquaculture profile
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 17.6 - 20.1, mean 18.9 °C (based on 346 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00808 - 0.01238), b=3.24 (3.20 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.16-0.22 questionable; assuming tm<1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).