Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 40 m. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: known only from Pakistan, India, and Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3424); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3424)
soft rays: 14. This species is distinguished by having the following set of characters: fully scaled breast; naked cheek; anteroventral profile of lower jaw is almost straight; a distinct, jet-black blotch distally on the spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 74926).
Found on shallow waters near the bottom. Young enter brackish waters (Ref. 4833). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans, foraminiferans and nematodes. Sold fresh and dried salted in markets, also used for fishmeal.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., R. Kimura and K. Ikejima, 2008. Revision of the genus Nuchequula with descriptions of three new species (Perciformes: Leiognathidae). Ichthyol. Res. 55:22-42. (Ref. 74926)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.2 - 29.1, mean 28.5 °C (based on 844 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00662 - 0.01991), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.25-1.16).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100).