Teleostei (teleosts) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Sternopygidae
Etymology: Archolaemus: Greek, archo = anus + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Previously known only from the Tocantins drainage in Brazil, but has recently been reported in many localities of the Amazonas basin, Rio Branco and Amapa, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39524)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 193 - 222. Distinguished from other congeners in having the following combination of characters: gape relatively long and rictus extending posteriorly beyond the vertical through the posterior naris; length of coronomeckelian bone less than 20% the length of Meckel’s cartilage; length of the posterior ceratohyal 1.5 times the length of the ventral hypohyal; approximately six irregularly distributed teeth on the internal surface of the endopterygoid; anteroposterior length of premaxilla greater than the transverse width; teeth on the dentary restricted to the anterior half or slightly more of the dorsal margin; depth of the caudal filament 5.0-6.5% CL; presence of a narrow dark stripe along the lateral line and a broad dusky to dark band of pigmentation overlying the basal pterygiophores of the anal fin; pectoral-fin rays 19-22; total number of anal-fin rays 193-222 (Ref. 93148).
Its elongated, laterally compressed body is completely covered with scales and is without a caudal fin (Ref. 27188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mago-Leccia, F., 1994. Electric fishes of the continental waters of America. Fundacion para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Fisicas, Matematicas y Naturales (FUDECI), Biblioteca de la Academia de Ciencias Fisicas. Matematicas y Naturales, Caracas, Venezuela. vol. 29 . 206 p. (Ref. 26457)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00169 - 0.00782), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).