Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Aplocheilidae
Etymology: Aplocheilus: Greek, aploe, -es = simplicity + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 12; non-migratory; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and the Indo-Malaysian archipelago. Reported from Nepal (Ref. 9496) Cambodia, Viet Nam (Ref. 27139) and Sri Lanka (Ref. 6028).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236); common length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
Occurs in lowland wetlands to estuaries and peats (Ref. 57235). Found in ponds and ditches (Ref. 4835) canals (Ref. 1479), reservoirs and mangrove creeks (Ref. 13061). Prefers clear water in areas with dense growth of rooted or floating macrophytes (Ref. 12693). Sometimes occurring in hypersaline waters. Feeds mainly on insects (Ref. 13061). Utilized for mosquito control. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139). Rarely caught by commercial fishermen and not seen in markets (Ref. 12693). Popular aquarium fish (Ref. 57235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
A perennial breeder (Ref. 27139), both in fresh and brackish waters, particularly from November to March (Ref. 7020).
Huber, J.H., 1996. Killi-Data 1996. Updated checklist of taxonomic names, collecting localities and bibliographic references of oviparous Cyprinodont fishes (Atherinomorpha, Pisces). Société Française d'Ichtyologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, 399 p. (Ref. 27139)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5079 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00412 - 0.02789), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .