Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Arhynchobatis: Greek, a = without + Greek, rhyngchos = snout + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Waite.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 90 - 1070 m (Ref. 26346). Deep-water
Southwest Pacific: endemic to New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal side dark brown or purplish-grey in color and covered with small erect prickles (Ref. 26346).
Inhabits the continental slope (Ref. 26346). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, young hatch at about 10 cm. Paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 7.8 - 13.4, mean 10.8 °C (based on 55 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00290 - 0.01143), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 8.03 [1.46, 39.68] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.318 [0.074, 0.996] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.4 [13.6, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.538 [0.174, 2.078] g/100g ; Selenium = 13 [4, 41] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.9 [2.3, 43.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.325 [0.163, 0.604] mg/100g (wet weight);