Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 52 - 150 m (Ref. 9072). Temperate; 34°S - 52°S, 163°E - 175°W
Southwest Pacific: restricted to New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 14.5, range 10 - 19 cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3243); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 3243); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 9072)
Inhabits rocky areas to a depth of 150 m (Ref. 9258). Carnivore which feeds mainly on small fish and crabs. Feeds by stalking its prey and swallowing it whole. Adults are home-ranging (Ref. 26966). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 58489.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion