Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Temperate
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan, Taiwan and from Fujian south to the Gulf of Tong King. Questionably from the Western Central Pacific (Ref. 47581).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Found in shallow coastal and brackish waters (Ref. 41299, 48635). Aggregates in schools. Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 637). Commonly caught by anglers (Ref. 637). Produces sound (Ref. 9137).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., R. Kimura and K. Ikejima, 2008. Revision of the genus Nuchequula with descriptions of three new species (Perciformes: Leiognathidae). Ichthyol. Res. 55:22-42. (Ref. 74926)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 16.5 - 26.6, mean 22.4 °C (based on 110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00766 - 0.01976), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=2.56).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).